1989. A spectre is haunting Europe
“A spectre is haunting Europe – the spectre of communism.” – this is what Karl Marx wrote at the beginning of The Communist Manifesto, in 1848, on the eve of the revolution.
As a matter of fact, in 1848 there was no spectre other than the one haunting the heads of several grave diggers of humanity and perhaps the dark taverns where the lumpenproletariat of the great capitalist cities gathered.
The peoples of Europe had other dreams and other hopes, all three Romanian provinces longed and fought for freedom, for the union of all brothers, nationality and justice. The peasants fought for land and dignity, for a patch of land that would belong exclusively to them and to their families. They had enough of working for centuries on the joint estates of the landowner, grof, tenant or Greek monk.
If there were no spectres back in 1848, then in 1989 a spectre was most certainly haunting the states of the communist camp: it was the spectre of the death of communism, wandering with a scythe on his shoulder, appearing here and there and spreading horror among all those who had believed that communism would last forever and who now felt the earth moving under their feet.
Communism died a natural death, by old age. Its birth in hidden cellars was assisted by criminal minds, occult forces breastfed it and nothing hindered its growth. Its programme was conceived and implemented, it governed and commanded without restrictions, imposed its own laws, displaced peoples, destroyed nationalities, destinies, cultures and lives, filled half of the planet with camps, prisons, crimes and mass graves, blood and tears.
It suffered no annoyance during its life. On the contrary, it was offered help on its birth and during its growth so that it could threaten those who were waiting for their turn to be destroyed. Lenin spoke the truth when he said “The capitalists will sell us the rope with which we will hang them”. Communism had the most numerous armies and watchdogs in the world. Nevertheless, it is dead.
Something beyond our earthly powers is herding it to the pit of history. In vain were its crimes, its reforms with more or less a human face, the siege states, perestroika and the agricultural revolutions.
 Especially in Marxist theory, the lowest level of the proletariat comprising unskilled workers, vagrants, and criminals and characterized by a lack of class consciousness. (Random House Webster’s College Dictionary, 2001)
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