1947 – a year of preparation for the Anti-Communist Armed Resistance
Address intended for an event at the Sighet Memorial, in June 1997
The brutality of the communist government that took power after the stolen elections in 1946 had shattered the last hope in a normal development of democracy in Romania.
For those who had knowledge of Lenin’s tactics it became clear that a socialist revolution was under way and all the obstacles (former comrades included) had to be removed to secure rapid advancement.
The most important objectives were the destruction of anti-communist parties and the abolishment of monarchy. Romania fell prey to the occupying forces and their local flunkeys. As Western countries failed to react, the hope grew dimmer.
The divide in the Romanian society deepened as the dark events unfolded.
Bums of all social and professional backgrounds joined the predators pack and imitated their behavior, being capable of all baseness.
Demoralized, the majority of Romanians bowed their heads in front of fate, in the same fatalist stance they had adopted so many times throughout history, trying to find comfort in the more and more illusory coming of Americans, putting up with the regime and trying each to fend for oneself.
The strong characters, those who valued their country’s future more than their own lives, those whose Christian and national education did not allow compromises and resignation, chose a different path: resistance and fight. They could not abdicate a duty of honour. Opposing communism required a force that could protect the nation against the peril.
Pockets of resistance were established in all the sectors of the Romanian society. Their ultimate objective was the armed fight against the communist domination. Active and released officers in the military centres gathered in groups like the one led by General Carlaont in Craiova.
The same thing happened in the anti-communist parties: the national-peasants, liberals and legionaries. The situation had become critical for all local organizations, especially for those in the mountain regions. Suggestive examples are the liberal actions in Muscel coordinated by Colonel Arsenescu, the national peasants led by Ilie Lazăr and the organizations known as Spic and T.
The Legionary Movement acted on three levels:
1. County organizations (e.g. the one in Dobrogea, led by brothers Fudulea, Gogu Puiu and Ciolacu);
2. Student organizations (Cluj Centre gathered approximately 500 students under the leadership of Ion Bohotici, from Maramureş);
3. Cross Fraternities led by Constantin Oprişan. These were places where high school students were offered a Christian and national education that prepared them to take charge of the fight in the future. Such fraternities operated in all the high schools in the country (e.g. the one in the high school in Sighet, led by Professor Aurel Vişovan). There were also fraternities in workers’ environments (Braşov, Bucureşti, Ploieşti, Arad).
Hundreds of anti-communist organizations were set in villages; these were initiated and led by the intellectuals of the villages: teachers, priests and prominent peasants (e.g. teachers Pridon and Olimpiu Borzea in Făgăraş Country).
The various local organizations were in permanent contact (for example, Captain Capota in Cluj, the legionary Student Centre and Captain Sabin Mare in Făgăraş with the local organizations of the political parties).
In 1947, an agreement was reached between the historical parties, the Resistance within the Army and the Legionary Movement and a unique Command Centre was created. The Romanian National Council in France was notified and this, in its turn, informed the Western governments.
The plan was disclosed by the Soviet agents active in the British and American intelligence services and it consequently offered the communist regime an opportunity to arrest people on target, on time.
The fact that the so called Great Treason trial in 1948 cited Eng. Pop, Bujor, Nicolae Petraşcu, Nistor Chioreanu, Professor George Manu, Professor Mărgineanu, Admiral Horia Măcelaru, together with hundreds of other fighters (the author of these lines, included) indicates the existence of a unique Command Centre of the anti-communist resistance.
The unexpected disclosure and – by then – the unknown informers of the communist regime had a major impact on the Romanian armed resistance. We had no idea that we were fighting against occult forces that had tentacles in the western world – that is, the very countries we were expecting to help us.
Left without a unique command centre, devoid of tactics and unitary strategy, reduced to probably less than 10% of its initial numbers, the Romanian armed resistance in Romanian mountains lost some of its efficiency. However, this did not prevent its fighters from writing in their own blood a glorious page in the Romanian History.